عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Purpose: Although committing terrorist crimes is not a new topic. But the threats posed by this ominous phenomenon to various societies today have created a strong determination in national and international criminal policy to a purposeful fight against this transnational organized crime. Because, as a result of the spread of new technologies and the process of globalization of crime, significant changes have taken place in the nature and extent of this type of crime in the world. At present, the threats posed by terrorist acts do not fit into the framework of a given land and have become a global problem. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the developments of Iran's criminal law policy against organized crime of terrorism with the approach of globalization of crime.
Research Method: The present study is theoretical in nature, purposeful, applied in terms of purpose, and descriptive-analytical research in terms of writing style. Data collection has been done through library study by referring to academic and electronic scientific resources.
Findings and Results: that Iran's criminal law policy does not have effective and coherent mechanisms to combat the phenomenon of terrorism and the legislature has acted poorly in criminalizing and allocating independent legal material to this crime. However, in the judiciary, moharebeh and corruption on earth are considered as examples of terrorist operations. However, this lack of coordination in criminal and judicial criminal policy is not very pleasing to the Iranian judicial justice system. Of course, following the emphasis of the UN Security Council on the criminalization of terrorism (1373), the legislature in 1394 with the passage of the Anti-Terrorism Financing Law, criminalized terrorist acts and such crimes. However, this type of criminalization is not enough, and criminalization of terrorism is necessary in Iranian legislative policy as an independent crime.