عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: In many countries, the constitutions of many countries, recognizing the importance of borders, regard any change to them as incompatible with sovereignty, sovereignty and territorial integrity. This study examines the causes of change and the rituals of the formation of boundary lines in Article 78 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Methodology: The present study is a library study, examining the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, announcing the negotiations of the Islamic Consultative Assembly on this law, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties and Books and Articles on Constitutional and Boundary Law from 1358 to 1395 done.
Findings and Results: The study showed that partial reform of the border lines is carried out by the treaty, and the Islamic Republic of Iran's emphasis in foreign relations is to prohibit any treaty that alienates foreign affairs, thus changing the boundary lines in the Iranian legal system. It is considered a complex situation. For this reason, Article 78 of the Constitution, first of all, imposes a prohibition on the principle that any change is subject to minor reforms. On the other hand, the conditions envisaged in the original principle are such that the stipulated condition must be fulfilled at each time until the next condition is fulfilled; in other words, with the acceptance of border line reforms, these reforms must be very minor, minor reforms should benefit both. On the one hand, then the interests of the country must be respected, undermined by independence and territorial integrity, and finally endorsed by a four-fifths majority of parliamentarians.