عنوان مقاله [English]
Border security has always been one of the main concerns of governments, so that many of the conflicts between countries are caused by disputes and border problems. Any insecurity in the border regions has created a disruption in the economic, cultural, political, social, security, police, and security systems of a country, causing the administration of political power to be troubled.
This research is of strategic and qualitative type. It uses exploratory and content analysis method to identify, discover, categorize, index and define border security strategies. Using SWOT and observation tools, environmental scanning, research trend And a qualitative interview with experts in the field of political geography, national security and border guards with a sample size of 20 people and using the process of matrix analysis and environmental monitoring in the territory of the time of 1395. The findings of the research show that after identifying and extracting the matrix and the components of weaknesses, strengths, threats and opportunities based on border security variables, border controls have various backgrounds and factors such as: natural characteristics , Topography and climate of the region; human and border characteristics; ethnic and religious fabric; political and strategic conditions; economic and employment conditions of the borderlands; cultural and social characteristics; ethnic, linguistic, ethnic and religious affiliations, literacy rates and Cultural diversity is the borderline.
The results show that in the new security paradigm, sustainable security of each country requires strategies for environmental, spatial, political, security, transboundary communication. So it is essential Border region population planning, formulation of security strategies and border economies, as well as solutions to the problems of border regions applying new policies should be considered.