عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and objective: one of the unintended consequences of the country’s developmental policies in the border areas is fragmentation in the spatial structure. The reflection ofthese policies is evident in the forms of an imbalance in the balance of endogenous growth settlements at different levels, spatial disorder in the human environment and discontinuity in the functions of spatial relationships and uncertainty in the economic, social, cultural, administrative, and physical and finally geographical isolation and underdevelopment. With an overview, the poor status of the marginalized border regions in comparison with the central regions in space development, comprehensive security and social justice can be realized.
Method: the present study has been conducted using the rural settlements of Piranshar in West Azerbaijan Province as the statistical population. This study is of an applied research type which is conducted in descriptive – analytic method, systemic problem-solving approach and using some data collection instruments including library-documentary and field-survey tools based on the rural development designs and emphasizing on passive defense as a security mechanism and defense-based approach. The analysis of spatial-location findings has been carried out by GIS and using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and fuzzy logic.
Findings and results: the obtained results indicate that of 147 villages of Piranshahr city, more than 60 villages that make up more than 40 percent of the rural population are exposed to very high and high much vulnerability. The highest vulnerability in rural settlements has been observed in three villages of West Lahijan, Piran, and West Mangoor that are considered as the border villages.