عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and objective: national identity is the sense and perception of an individual to a membership in a national group and a kind of sense of belonging and commitment towards a set of society’s national commonalities. As the most widespread and important level of identity in all social systems, it affect all the areas of culture, society, politics, and even economy. On the other hand, according to Fukuyama, Social capital is found in a place where society’s tradition deeply rooted in the history of people or nation; In other words, theoretically, there is a close relationship between national identity and social capital. This paper aims to experimentally investigate the relationship between national identity and social capital among the frontiersmen in Maraveh Tappeh city in Golestan province.
Method: this study has been conducted in survey method using questionnaire as a research tool; the statistical population of the study includes 39456 frontiersmen with the age of 18-65 in Maraveh Tappeh city of Golestan Province in 2013. As the research sample, 348 members were selected using Cochran Formula. For hypotheses testing, the Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test, and for testing the research model, the regression were employed.
Research findings and results: the results indicated that by increasing the national identity among the studied society, especially within the variables of government and social commonalities which include history, tradition, and religion, the social capital would increase. In other words, the national identity has some functions such as promoting the community participation of frontiersmen in various fields, strengthening the spirit of unity, friendship, empathy, solidarity and cohesion in the community, and deepening and strengthening the interpersonal trust between government and people.