عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and objective: in the closed and semi-closed Persian Gulf in which the water border between the countries is based on baseline delimitation, due to the evenly leveled shore of the baseline, sea level rise and the advancement of water to the land, the legal problems for the coastal areas in the future is predictable. One of the beaches on the northern edge of the Persian Gulf, which is considered as a normal baseline, is the line between the Jask Port and Bandar Abbas; a region whose baseline is being challenged by rising sea level and the legal issues will be present in the future and it is a major objective of this study that is being investigated.
Methodology: in terms of its goal, this study is of an applied type. To conduct the present study and to get the results, the data were collected using field study, library and documentary methods. In order to analyze the data, they were plugged into GIS software so that the new map is designed with a future study view of the changes of water advancement in coastal areas.
The findings and results: the Investigations showed that the areas with lower elevation and steep climb, when the water level rises, are exposed to water advancement and therefore the risk of losing the land there. Considering the fact that the slope level is a thousandth of a percent from Jask Port to Bandar Abbas so the probability of the progress of water in this area is higher than in other parts of the Persian Gulf. If the water level rises in the Persian Gulf, the beach and the water receding and whereby a baseline change is expected. Therefore, this phenomenon could provide the background of a potential conflict between Iran and Oman.