عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and objectives: all the governments consider the security as their most primitive main need and put it in their first priorities. One of the factors that has an impact on security is the geographical features of each region. Security and geographical features have a mutual relation as much as the geographic component, such as borders, rugged natural beauty and ... are decisive factors in regional security; they are also affected by security considerations. With regard to the mutual relationship between geography and security, this paper aims to examine geographical influences on the border security, in the Germi border region (Ardabil Province, a border region between Iran and Azerbaijan).
Methodology: in terms of its objective the present study is of an applied research type and in terms of its method, it is a descriptive-analytic research type. The data collection was conducted in a survey method. The statistical population of the study includes two groups: 1) Ardabil border commanders and border regiments, 2) Governors and deputy governors of the Germi border city, Namin, Razei, and their political and law enforcement deputies (85 participants) all of which were questioned due to the limitation of the numbers of individuals. The validity of measurement tools were confirmed by the experts’ ideas and their reliability were confirmed by Cronbach (0.79). The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software and the Pearson correlation and Students t-test.
The findings and results: the results of this research showed that the three variables of 1) border stations’ land use (an average of 11.05), 2) the cultural similarities of frontiersmen in the two sides of borders (an average of 9.6), and 3) the topographic characteristics of Germi border region’s natural condition (an average of 7.69) would affect the border security of the region in order of the preference. The findings of this study suggest the baseline information for future planning regarding the reduction of such factors.